DRAM Industry Faces Yet Another Decline, Quarterly Revenue Down By 21.9%
By: Muhammad Zuhair Haider Zaidi
There has been an abrupt decline in the DRAM market over the previous several quarters, and this trend seems to continue. TrendForce reports that the DRAM market had a severe 21.9% QoQ (quarter-over-quarter) fall, bringing the total revenue down to US$9.663 billion.
DRAM Industry Sharp Decline Is Troublesome For Many Companies Who Are Forced to Reduce Prices
This is the third consecutive quarter that the sector has seen a steep drop in sales. Several factors contribute to this downturn, but a prolonged oversupply problem significantly contributes to the continuous price decline. Samsung, Micron, and SK Hynix, the three largest suppliers, reported quarterly revenue declines.
Diving into the numbers, Samsung saw a reduction in shipping quantities and ASP (Average Selling Price) due to fewer orders for its recently released products, leading to a QoQ decrease in revenue of 24.7%, amounting to US$4.17 billion. On the other hand, Micron gained an increase in shipment growth but still suffered the effects of the downturn, citing a 3.8% decline in revenues, bringing its total down to US$2.72 billion. SK Hynix had the most significant loss, with a reduction of over 15% in shipping volume and ASP, resulting in a severe drop in revenue of 31.7%, or around USD$2.31 billion.
In addition to the information on the more well-known suppliers, TrendForce also provided data regarding Taiwanese manufacturers that are now making their way to a more prominent position in the sector.
In terms of Taiwanese suppliers, Nanya faced a decline in shipments for the fourth consecutive quarter, with Q1 revenues dropping by 16.7%. Mainstream process nodes remained stagnant at 20 nm, lagging behind the big three, leading to a substantial decline in operating profit margins to -44.9%. However, there is a glimmer of hope as the replenishment demand for TV SoC inventory is anticipated to lift the Q2 utilization rate back up to 80% from 70%. Despite receiving several emergency orders for laptops and TVs in Q1, Winbond reported an 8.8% decline in revenues as prices continued to fall.Amidst falling prices and sluggish demand, PSMC experienced a 12.3% dip in its quarterly DRAM revenue. The company’s financial performance is primarily tied to its own consumer DRAM products, excluding the revenue from its DRAM foundry services. However, if the foundry service revenue were to be included, the company’s quarterly decline would steepen to 22.6%.
TrendForce has also predicted the revenues of the DRAM industry for Q2, and they don’t look good. Here is a look at it below:
TrendForce’s earlier prediction of the big three shifting from profitability to loss in 1Q23 due to a swift ASP decline came true. With DRAM prices continuing to fall, it’s anticipated that Q2 operating profit margins will remain in the red. In response to this, all three major suppliers have started implementing production cuts, with Q2 capacity utilization rates expected to fall to 77% for Samsung, 74% for Micron, and 82% for SK hynix.
The DRAM market has been consistently in decline due to disturbed demand and supply chains. We certainly hope things turn around, but from the latest economic indicators, the road ahead will be rocky for the industry.